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Kannada: Language of Silicon Valley of India

Brief Description

Kannada has 52 basic sounds / letters (known as phonemes) of which 49 letters are present in the script. These 49 letters are divided into 2 groups: "Swaragalu" (comprising of 15 letters) and "Vyanjanagalu" (comprising of 34 letters) akin to the distribution of vowels and consonants in English. The character set is almost identical to that of other Indian languages.

Regions where spoken

Kannada is mainly spoken in Karnataka in India and to a good extent in the neighbouring states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and in Goa. It is one of the major Dravidian languages of Southern India and one of the earliest languages attested epigraphically in India. It is the 27th most spoken language in the world, with speakers of its various dialects called Kannadigas and numbering roughly 64 million, of which 55 million use it as their first language. It is the state language of Karnataka, one of the four southern states in India.

Script

The Kannada script is an abugida of the Brahmic family. The script itself, though derived from the Brahmi script like most other Dravidian languages, is fairly complicated owing to the occurrence of various combinations of "half-letters" or symbols that attach to various letters in a manner similar to diacritical marks.

Important Writers or Works

The oldest existing record of Kannada poetry in tripadi metre is the Kappe Arabhatta record of 700 CE. Kavirajamarga by King Nripatunga Amoghavarsha I is the earliest existing literary work in Kannada. King Durvinita writings refers to the entire area between the Kaveri River and Godavari River as Kannada country, implying the language was popular further north in present day. An early extant prose work, Vaddaradhane by Shivakotiacharya of 900 CE describes the life of Bhadrabahu of Shravanabelagola elaborately. Many Kannada works from the sixth, seventh and eighth centuries mentioned in Kavirajamarga are not yet traced. Kannada literature has been prolific ever since. Kuvempu, Da.Ra. Bendre, Shivaram Karanth, Masti Venkatesh Iyengar, Vi.Kru. Gokak, U.R. Ananthamurthy, Girish Karnad.

Other details: There are variety of popular fonts used in Kannada typing; Tunga Kannada, Akshar Unicode Baraha, etc

Source: www.bhashaindia.com , www.wikipedia.com, www.anukriti.net






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